The iPhone 5 uses iOS (previously “iPhone OS”), a mobile operating system (“mobile OS”) developed and distributed by Apple Inc. The user interface, the industrial design field of human-machine interaction–the space where interaction between humans and machine occurs–of iOS is based in the concept of direct manipulation; in computer science, is a human-computer interaction style which involves continuous representation of objects of interest and rapid, reversible, and incremental actions and feedback. It uses multi-touch gestures, or standardized motion used to interact with multitouch devices. Interface control elements consist of sliders, switches, and buttons. Interaction with the OS includes gestures such as “swipe,” “tap,” “pinch,” and “reverse pinch” all of which have specific definitions within the context of the iOS operating system and its multi-touch interface. Internal accelerometers, or devices that measure proper acceleration are used by some applications to respond to shaking the device (one common result of the undo command) or rotating it vertically (one common result is switching from portrait to landscape mode).
The iPhone 5 is shipped with iOS 6 (released in September 19, 2012). Many of the iPhone 5’ features that work specifically with the included new iOS 6.0 operating system, will only work in certain territories on release. Apple has said this is a rolling program, which will take longer to implement across more regions.
The phone can act as a hotspot, a site that offers Internet access over a wireless local area network through the use of a router connected to a link to an Internet service provider; sharing its internet connection over WiFi, Bluetooth, or USB. It also accesses the Apple App Store, a online/digital application distribution platform for iOS developed and maintained by Apple Inc.–”application software,” also known as an “application” or an “app,” is computer software designed to help the user to perform specific tasks; while “digital distribution” (also called “content delivery,” online distribution,” or “electronic software distribution” (“ESD”), among others) describes the delivery of media content such as audio, video, software and video games, without the use of physical media usually over online delivery mediums, such as the Internet. The service allows users to browse and download mobile applications (“mobile apps”), or software applications designed run on smartphones, tablet computers and other mobile devices, from the iTunes Store, originally the “iTunes Music Store,” a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc., that were developed by Xcode, an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) containing a suite of software development tools developed by Apple for developing software for OS X and iOS; and the iOS SDK (“Software Development Kit”) (formerly “iPhone SDK”), a software development kit developed by Apple Inc, released in February 2008 to develop native applications for iOS.
The iPhone 5 can play music, movies , television shows, ebooks, audiobooks, and podcasts (types of digital media consisting of an episodic series of audio radio, video, PDF, or ePub files subscribed to and downloaded through web syndication or streamed online to a computer or mobile device) and can sort its media library by songs, artists, albums, videos, playlists (generally, lists of songs), genres (the term for any category of literature or other forms of art or entertainment, e.g. music, whether written or spoken, audio or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria), composers, podcasts, audiobooks, and compilation albums (music or spoken; featuring tracks from one or more performers, often culled from a variety of sources, such as studio albums, live albums, singles, demos and outtakes). Options are laways alphabetically, except in playlists, which retain their order from iTunes. Users can rotate their device horizontally to landscape mode to access Cover Flow, an animated, three dimensional graphical user interface that is integrated within the Macintosh Finder and other Apple Inc. products for visually flipping through snapshots of documents, website bookmarks, album artwork, or photographs. Like on iTunes, this feature shows the different album covers in a scroll-through photo library. Scrolling is achieved by swiping a finger across the screen. Alternatively, headset controls can be used to pause, lay, sip, and repeat tracks. On the 5, the volume can be changed with the included Apple Earphones, and the Voice Control feature can be used to identify a track, play songs in a playlist or by a specific artist, or create a Genius playlist, which automatically generates a playlist of songs from the user’s library which are similar to the selected song, introduced in iTunes 8.
Like the iPhone 4S, the iPhone 5 has Siri, an intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator which works as an application for Apple’s iOS that allows the user to operate the iPhone by spoken commands. For example, “What is the weather going to be like?” will generate a spoken response like “The weather is to be cloudy and rainy and drop to 54 degrees today.” For usability reasons, third-party applications cannot currently respond to voice commands. The commands given do not have to be formulated using rigidly determined wording; natural language can be used–”natural language processing” (“NLP”) is a field of computers science, artificial intelligence, and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. Siri is accessed by holding down the home button rather than tapping it. The software was improved in iOS 6 to include the ability to make restaurant reservations, launch apps, dictate Facebook or Twitter updates, retrieve movie reviews and detailed sports statistics.
On the iPhone 5, texting, or “text messaging,” the act of typing and sending a brief, electronic message between two or more mobile phones or fixed or portable devices over a phone network, can be aided by the voice assistant, which converts speech to text. In addition to regular texting, messaging on the iPhone 5 supports iMessage, an instant messenger service developed by Apple Inc. for iOS and OS X Mountain Lion, a specialized instant messaging program and service that allows unlimited texting to other messages, integration with the device’s voice-controlled software assistant, and read acknowledgements for sent messages. Input to the device comes from a keyboard displayed on the multi-touch screen comes from a keyboard displayed on the multi-touch screen or by voice to text by speaking into the microphone. Entered text is supported by predictive and suggestion software; there is a multi-language spell-checker which recognizes many regional accents of different languages.
Apple’s built-in Maps app, a mapping service application developed by Apple Inc. for its iOS mobile operating system, which replaced the former Maps app powered by Google Maps, has been universally derided and lacks many features present in competing maps apps. It is also known to give inaccurate directions. It uses Apple’s new vector-based engine that eliminates lag, a common word meaning to fail to keep up or to fall behind, making for smoother zooming–”zooming user interface” or “zoomable user interface” (“ZUI,” pronounced zoo-ee), which in computing is a graphical environment where users can change the scale of the viewed area in order to see more detail or less, and browse through different documents. New to Maps is turn-by-turn navigation, a feature of some GPS navigation devices where directions for a selected route are continually presented to the user in the form of spoken and visual instructions, 3D views in some major cities and real-time traffic. Turn-by-turn navigation is only available for iPhone 4S, or later and iPad 2, the second generation iPad, a tablet computer designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., or later with cellular capability, while 3D views are only available for iPhone 4S or later, iPod touch (colloquially “iTouch”) 5th generation, a portable media player, personal digital assistant, handheld game console, and email-capable Wi-Fi mobile device designed and marketed by Apple Inc., and iPad 2 or later.
iOS 6 is able to retrieve documents such as: boarding passes, or documents provided by an airline during check-in, giving a passenger permission to board the airplane for a particular flight; admission tickets, or vouchers that indicates that one has paid for admission to an event or establishment such as theatre, movie theater, amusement park, zoo, museum stadium, concert, or another attraction, or permission to travel on a vehicle such as an airliner, trains, bus or boat, typically because one has paid the fare; coupons, which in marketing, are tickets or documents that can be exchanged for a financial discount or rebate when purchasing a product; and loyalty cards/programs, or structured marketing efforts that reward, and therefore encourage, loyal buying behavior–behavior which is potentially beneficial to the firm–through its new Passbook app, an application in iOS that allows users to store coupons, boarding passes, event tickets, store cards, ‘generic’ cards and other forms of mobile payment. An iOS device with Passbook can be scanned under a barcode reader/scanner, an electronic device for reading printed barcodes, to process a mobile payment, also referred to as mobile money, mobile money transfer, and mobile wallet, which generally regard to payment.services under financial regulation and performed from or via a mobile device, at locations that have compatible hardware. The app has context-aware features such as notifications for relevant coupons when in the immediate vicinity of a given store.
Facebook comes integrated through Apple’s native apps with iOS 6. Facebook features can be directly accessed from within native apps such as Calendar which can sync Facebook events, or use Facebook’s like button/option (“recommended button”), a feature on communication software such as social networking services, Internet forums, new websites and blogs where the user can express that he/she likes, enjoys or supports certain content, from within the Apple App Store.
New privacy settings are available to the user. In addition to the location services, the following have been added in iOS 6: photos (already partially restricted in iOS 5); contacts (address book); calendars; reminders; bluetooth sharing, a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength radio transmissions in the ISm band from 2400-2480 MHz) from fixed and mobile devices, creating personal area networks (PANs) with high level of security; Twitter, an online social networking service and microblogging service that enables its users to send and read text-based messages of up to 140 characters, known as “tweets”; Facebook, a social networking service launched in February 2004, owned and operated by Facebook, Inc; and Sina Weibo, a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website. iOs 6 also comes with a “limit ad tracking” user control in the general settings menu to allow users the option to prevent targeted advertising, a tupe fop advertising whereby advertisement are placed so as to reach consumers based on various traits such as demographics, psychographics, behavioral variables (such as product purchase history), and demographic variables … or other second-order activities which serve as a proxy for these consumer traits. Apple’s Advertising Identifier replaces the company’s existing Unique Device Identification (UDID) System, intended to assign a unique identifier to medical devices within the United States. Online “advertising networks” or “ad networks,” or companies that connect advertisers to web sites that want to host advertisements, which is not yet using Apple’ Advertising Identifier device identifier (“IDs”) standard, or in computer science, is a lexical token that names entities, would not be affected, although Apple will require the standard in the future.
iDirect announced on July 9 that it will be improving the VSAT systems of Nigerian Communications Satellite Ltd (NigComSat.)
Satellite Today reported that satellite communications company iDirect will deploy its new Series 15100 Universal Satellite hub and an Evolution-based service in Nigeria for NigComSat.
The iDirect Evolution platform will improve NigComSat’s existing VSAT solutions for military and government customers. It will also provide the African satellite network operator with new inroads in the profitable enterprise and education markets.
And to top it all off, NigComSat gets a scalable platform that allows it to switch between TDMA and SCPC return channels. This last ability allows NigComSat to adjust its service levels based on dynamic applications and changing traffic patterns. This way, NigComSat gets to increase efficiency while also saving money.
A statement from NigComSat CEO T. Ahmed-Rufai expressed his company’s belief that high-speed Internet could help transform the Nigerian economy. Ahmed-Rufai explained that his company’s partnership with iDirect would allow NigComSat to deploy an affordable satellite communications network capable of handling the increasing broadband demands and penetration in the West African region.
iDirect’s solutions would give NigComSat the ability to offer a satellite broadband service that can meet the disparate requirements of numerous end users, each with his/her/their own unique requirements. The two companies’ partnership would be able to handle current and future demands in the local satellite communications market.
Advantech Wireless is raking in the cash in Latin America. The Canadian-based VSAT manufacturer announced last Friday that it bagged a new $3 million contract from a Latin American telephone company.
The Advantech customer was undergoing significant expansion of its communications network in order to support multiple services like enterprise, COTM, mobile backhaul, and NGN nodes. The customer ordered a number of C-band and Ku-band VSAT equipment models. Models cited for purchase and installation include the S4120 Advanced DVBS2-RCS VSAT and the S5420 DVBS2-SCPC or RCS Adaptive VSAT. All units feature Advantech Wireless LNB and BUCs, and they will also have complete IFL and Antenna kits. These VSAT systems will use the customer’s own space segment and infrastructure.
Advantech had already successfully filled a recent order worth $2.4M from the same customer. The combined contracts amounted to more than 3500 VSAT earth station equipment purchased and/or covered. Advantech Wireless will also provide cellular backhaul, COTM, Internet and other IP Enterprise Services, VoIP, VC, and Video Distribution, and Residential Services.
Twenty years ago, Advantech Wireless built the first DVB-RCS system in the world. Today, it manufactures satellite, VSAT systems, RF equipment, and microwave systems.
Advantech Wireless, a Canadian-based manufacturer of Satellite, RF Equipment and Microwave Systems has developed a revolutionary VSAT product line-up starting with the smallest, most fully-featured, lowest-cost hub in the world, the Discovery 100, the midrange Discovery 200 offering support for up to 1500 terminals and finally the most powerful Hub in the world, the Discovery 300 providing full capacity and support for thousands of terminals.